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美文赏析:请不要成为道德绑架的帮凶

Source:    2018-05-28  我要投稿   恒星英语学习论坛   Favorite  

There are many kinds of panic.
恐慌有很多种。

And one of the most terrifying one of them all is moral panic.
jh6688.com_【官方首页】-3G计划网而其中最可怕的之一就是道德恐慌。

Moral panic is defined as public anxiety or alarm in response to a perceived threat to the moral standard of the society.
所谓的道德恐慌指的是:当一个社会的道德规范感受到一个可见的威胁时,人们对这个威胁表现出的公开不安和警惕。

The road to moral panic has several stops.
通往道德恐慌的道路上有很多站。

The first is concern.
jh6688.com_【官方首页】-3G计划网其中的第一站就是“担忧”。

This concern spreads from person to person, and is amplified by cultural forces until rational concern becomes irrational fear.
jh6688.com_【官方首页】-3G计划网这种担忧会从一个人传给另一个人,并且会被文化力量增幅放大,直到最终理性的担忧变成了非理性的恐惧。

People come to believe something terrible is happening. Something they cannot see. Something they can't control.
然后人们就会开始相信,有什么可怕的事情正在发生。这是一种他们看不见的东西。这是一种他们无法控制的东西。

It has come for others. It will come for them.
这个东西已经发生在别人身上了。jh6688.com_【官方首页】-3G计划网而它总有一天会发生在我们自己身上。

The result of this can be very dangerous because, whether or not the threat is real, the response certainly is.
这种现象的结果可能会很危险,因为,不管那个威胁是真是假,人们采取的应对行为显然都是真的。

And it is often excessive.
jh6688.com_【官方首页】-3G计划网而且这些应对行为常常是过激的。

For example, you may know the disastrous witch-hunt in the Western history.
jh6688.com_【官方首页】-3G计划网比如,你可能知道西方历史里那段灾难性的“女巫狩猎”运动。

Too many innocent people died in it.
有太多的无辜的人因它而死。

So ask yourself: What's more terrifying? Fear? Or the frightened?
所以,问问你自己吧:到底什么更可怕?是恐惧本身?还是那些感到恐惧的人?


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